- Siddha medicine சித்தமருத்துவம், citta maruttuvam, is a system of traditional medicine originating in ancient Tamil Nadu in South India and Sri Lanka. It is much much older than Ayurveda but the 2 are often referred to as just Ayurveda.
- Siddhi is a Sanskrit noun which can be translated as “perfection”, “accomplishment”, “attainment”, or “success” and refers to someone who has attained siddhis and other kinds of mystical knowledge.
- The Siddha Palm leaf manuscripts, many of which date back to 1 millennium BC, (They are some of the oldest preserved written manuscripts in the world) From the manuscripts, the siddha system of medicine developed into part of Indian medical science. Today there are recognized siddha medical colleges, run under the government universities, where siddha medicine is taught. However, most Siddha medical practitioners are traditionally trained, usually in families, by gurus/teachers.
- A teacher is often also a martial arts teacher, known as an Ashan.
- There are simple siddha cures and some very complex remedies recipes.
- The simple siddha cures are the oldest and most effective
- Herbal products
- Animal products
- Inorganic substances
- According to legend, the Siddha system was first described by Lord Shiva to his wife Parvati. Parvati explained all this knowledge to her son Lord Muruga. He taught all this knowledge to his disciple sage Agasthya.
- The first Siddha practitioner, Agasthya, taught 18 other Siddhars and they spread this knowledge through out humanity.
- The 18 legendary Siddhars developed systems of personal development & medicine. Hence, it is called Siddha medicine.
- The Siddhars wrote their knowledge in palm leaf manuscripts.
- There is a huge collection of Siddha manuscripts kept by traditional Siddha families and state libraries.
- Siddhars believed that a healthy soul can only be developed through a healthy body.
- So they developed methods and medication that are believed to strengthen the physical body and thereby the soul.
- Men and women who dedicated their lives into developing the system were called Siddhars.
- Evidence of being a Siddhar is in their above normal abilities
- Through this spiritually they attained supreme knowledge, the Siddhars wrote scriptures on all aspects of life, arts, science, philosophy and supposedly miracle cures for diseases
Siddha: More Than Medicine
- Intense yogic practices.
- Years of training in specific methods.
- Periodic fasting and meditation.
Which leads to:
- Supernatural powers.
- Supreme wisdom.
- “Ashtamaha Siddhi,” is the acquiring of 5 basic abilities that go beyond the normal.
- Those who attained or achieved these powers are known as Siddhars.
- trikālajñatvam: knowing the past, present and future
- advandvam: tolerance of heat, cold and other dualities
- para citta ādi abhijñatā: knowing the minds of others.
- agni arka ambu viṣa ādīnām pratiṣṭambhaḥ: checking the influence of fire, sun, water, poison, etc.
- aparājayah: remaining unconquered by others.
Other texts have different siddhi lists
“Accomplishments (siddhi) may be attained through birth, the use of herbs, incantations, self-discipline which is samadhi”.
“Janma auṣadhi mantra tapaḥ samādhijāḥ siddhayaḥ”
In Patañjali’s Yoga Sutras IV.1 “
The Eight Heath Siddhi
- Uuha: Choosing the right body for this incarnation, based on the samskaras (karmic imprints) of previous births, the attainmentr of knowledge about the twenty-four tattvas gained by examining the determinable and indeterminable, conscious and non-conscious constituents of creation.
- Shabda: knowledge gained by associating with an enlightened person (Guru – upadesh).
- Addhyyan: knowledge gained through study of the Vedas and other standard ancillary texts.
- Suhritprapti: knowledge gained from a kind-hearted person, while engaged in the spread of knowledge.
- Daan: knowledge gained regardless of one’s own needs while attending to the requirements of those engaged in the search of the highest truth.
- Aadhyaatmik dukkh-haan: freedom from pain, disappointment, etc. that may arise due to lack of spiritual, metaphysical, mystic knowledge and experience.
- Aadhibhautik dukkh-haan: freedom from pain etc. arising from possessing and being attached to various materialistic gains.
- Aadhidaivik dukkh-haan: freedom from pain etc. caused by fate or due to reliance on fate.